The Palace of Versailles is a castle and a French historical monument located north-west of the territory of the commune of Versailles on the Place d’Armes, 16 kilometers southwest of Paris. It was the residence of the kings of France Louis XIV, Louis XV and Louis XVI. The King and his court lived there permanently from May 6, 1682 to October 6, 1789, with the exception of the years from 1715 to 1723. By « Palace of Versailles », we mean both the palace building and its immediate surroundings and the whole area of Versailles, while including – among others – Trianons, the Grand Canal and the park of Versailles. This area were to glorify the French monarchy.
The castle consists of a sequence of elements of architectural harmony. It is spread over 6.32 ha, divided into 2’300 rooms, which currently 1’000 museum rooms.
The park of Versailles covers 815 ha, against about 8’000 ha before the French Revolution, with 93 acres of gardens. It includes many features, including the Petit and Grand Trianon (which was also residence of Napoleon I, Louis XVIII, Charles X, Louis-Philippe I, and Napoleon III), the hamlet of the Queen, the Grand and Petit Canal, a menagerie (now destroyed), an orangery and the Swiss lake room.